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ESSA 2 TIROS Satellite launched on Feb. 28, 1966.
ESSA 2 TIROS Satellite

TIROS I satellite on test stand during preliminary test stage.
TIROS I Satellite

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Writings & Publications

Resources   Papers in Context of Cold War   TIROS Anniversary Documents

Johnson, David S. [China Lectures] From September 14, 1983 through Nov 7, 1983, David Johnson conducted a series of lectures at the State Meteorological Administration, Beijing, People’s Republic of China. The lectures provide an overview of meteorological satellites, uses of data, instrumentation, history of NESS/NESDIS, and international relationships.

Johnson, David S. Collection of Works and Correspondence of David S. Johnson, 1960-1994. 1960-1994. 1 box (25 items in 4 folders). Collection donated to the NOAA Central Library by Gary K. Davis, Director of Systems Development, NESDIS, NOAA. QC879.54 .J6 1960-1994.

Johnson, David S. Development of the Operational Program for Satellite Meteorology. (The Conception, Growth, Accomplishments, and Future of Meteorological Satellites: proceedings of the session on Meteorological Satellites at the American Meteorological Society’s 62nd Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX, January 11-15, 1982) (NASA Conference Publication 2257) Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, pp. 34 – 40.

Johnson, David S. Evolution of the U.S. Meteorological Satellite Program : Some Reminiscences. (1994 Verner E. Suomi Lecture) Boston, MA: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 75, no. 9, September 1994, pp. 1705-1708.

Johnson, David S. Global Atmospheric Research Program. (Series: Review of Space Science). Reston, VA: Astronautics and Aerospace, 1970, p.28-32.

Johnson, David S. Image Sensing as Applied to Meteorological Satellites. White Plains, NY: Journal of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE), vol. 69, no.1, pp. 14-18, 1960.

Johnson, David S. [Letter to Kirby J. Hanson, July 25, 1966] Subject: Preliminary opinion regarding draft proposal contract on the evaluation of ESSA III radiometer data by Univ. of Wisconsin.

Johnson, David S. [Letter to Kirby J. Hanson, August 29, 1966] Subject: More detailed opinions regarding draft proposal by Professor Suomi on the evaluation of ESSA III radiometer data. Five pages of handwritten notes are included.

Johnson, David S. [Letter to Professor Pierre Morel, Dec. 18, 1973] Subject: Regarding developing a common standard for geostationary meteorological satellite image archiving and future implications.

Johnson, David S. [Letter to Professor Verner E. Suomi, Nov. 15, 1966] Subject: Data from the radiometers in ESSA III and calibrations.

Johnson, David S. [Letter to Professor Verner E. Suomi, Nov. 5, 1980] Subject: Arrival in Madison on Nov. 30 to see the preliminary results of the VAS experiment.

Johnson, David S. Meteorological Parameters Derived from Space-Based Observing Systems, During the Global Weather Experiment and After. (International Conference on the Results of the Global Weather Experiment and Their Implications for the World Weather Watch, vol. 1) Geneva, May 27-31, 1985. WMO-ICSU Joint Scientific Committee. (Series: GARP Publications Series no. 26), pp. 75-109.

Johnson, David S. Meteorological Parameters Derived from Space-Based Observing Systems – FGGE and after. (Data Assimilation Systems and Observing System Experiments with Particular Emphasis on FGGE: Seminar/Workshop 1984, ECMWF (European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts), Shinfield Park, Reading, UK, Sept. 3-11, 1984.

Johnson, David S. Meteorological Satellites and Weather Forecasting. (Series: Voice of America Forum Series on Space Science no.2) Washington, DC: Voice of America, 1962, p.1-7.

Johnson, David S. Meteorological Satellites – Status and Outlook. (Proceedings of the Technical Conference on Use of Data from Meteorological Satellites), France, Sept. 17-21, 1979. Series: ESA SP-143)

Johnson, David S. Methods of Determination of Drop Size and Distribution in Natural Fogs. Los Angeles, CA: University of California. Thesis, Master of Arts in Meteorology, 1949. 114 pp.

Johnson, David S., W. Ferguson Hall, Charles Bristor. Nimbus data in operational meteorology. Reston, VA: Astronautics and Aerospace Engineering, April 1963, pp. 52-56.

Johnson, David S. NOAA Satellites: Working For You, A broadcast interview with David S. Johnson, Director of the National Environmental Satellite Service. Rockville, MD: NOAA, vol. 8, no. 4, October 1978, pp. 50-51.

Johnson, David S. and E.L. Heacock. NOAA’s Operational Satellite Service: C3A. Washington, D.C. AFCEA International Press, in Air and Satellite Communications, L.M. Paschall ed., vol. 2 AFCEA SIGNAL C3I Series, pp. 132-138 (Originally appeared in Nov-Dec 1979 issue of SIGNAL.)

Johnson, David S. Observing Planet Earth from Space – What’s Next? Springfield, VA: Advances in The Astronautical Sciences, American Astronautical Society, vol. 38, p.681-687. Series: The Future United States Space Program.

Johnson, David S. Progress Report on Radiometer Tests: December 1956. Washington, DC: U.S. Weather Bureau, 1957. 20 pp.

Johnson, David S. Quantitative Satellite Data for Numerical Weather Prediction; FGGE and after [a report]. Geneva: World Meteorological Organization, August 1984. 45 pp.

Johnson, David S. Remarks on Future Developments (Proceedings of the session on Meteorological Satellites at the American Meteorological Society’s 62nd Annual Meeting, January 11-15, 1982. The Conception, Growth, Accomplishments, and Future of Meteorological Satellites (NASA Conference Publication 2257) Wash, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1982, p. 97-101. Future_satellites_62ams_1.pdf
Future_satellites_62ams_2.pdf

Johnson, David S. Remembering Professor Suomi…[short summary of their interactions]. Madison, WI: Communications Timeout, September 1995, p. 5.

Johnson, David S. Results of UCAR Survey of Atmospheric Science Departments on Weather Data Communication and Interactive Systems (The UNIDATA System for University Weather Analysis and Modeling, Appendix 1.) Boulder, CO : University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, pp. 1-7.

Johnson, David S. Role of Satellites in WMO Programmes in the 1980s. (World Meteorological Organization. WMO publication no. 494.) (World Weather Watch planning report no. 36). Geneva: Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization, 1977. 1 volume loose-leaf.

Johnson, David S. Satellites and Weather Forecasting (Proceedings of the Second National Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Space, May 8-10, 1962) Seattle: WA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Series: NASA SP-8.

Johnson, David S. Satellite Capabilities to 1995 for Meteorology and Operational Hydrology. Geneva: World Meteorological Organization, 1985, 45pp. (Series: WMO satellite reports SAT-2), (WMO/TD no. 56)

Johnson, David S. Statements of Dr.[sic] David Johnson, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, and Dr. Verner Suomi, Professor of Meteorology, University of Wisconsin. Hearings before the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation United States Senate.. 98th, 1st session. NOAA Authorization (Y4.C 73/7: S. HRG. 98-78), March 14, 1983, p. 250-256.

Johnson, David S. Twentieth anniversary of the World Weather Watch: opportunities and outlook for an improved WWW. Geneva, Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization, 1983. 29 pp. (Series: WMO Series no. 608) QC851 .W6445 no. 608.

Johnson, David S. WMO Satellite Systems Study – Circa 1995 [Draft outline]. Geneva, Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization, May 1984. 4 pp.

Johnson, David S. Working Together with Weather Satellites,(Opinions and Ideas). Springfield, VA: Space Times, September-October 1989, p.1

Ludwig, G. and D. Johnson. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite System Performance. [Oxford, UK: Advances in Space Research - the official journal of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) published for the Committee by Pergamon Press, 1981, vol. 1, pp. 23-31.

Wexler, H. and D. S. Johnson. Meteorological Satellites. Chicago, IL: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, vol. 17, nos. 5-6, May-June 1961, pp. 185-190.



Resources

American Meteorological Society and University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Tape Recorded Interview Project. Oral History interview with Verner Suomi - Conducted by Gisela Kutzbach, March 20, April 20, May 14, 1994. Tape 3 side 1 pp. 12-25.

Benton, George. Weather Service and Supporting Research in the United States: The Need for a National Storm Program. Testimony to the Subcommittee on Natural Resources, Agricultural Research and Environment of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, March 9, 1983. Begin with page 7.

The Conception, Growth, Accomplishments, and Future of Meteorological Satellites. (Proceedings of the session on Meteorological Satellites at the American Meteorological Society’s 62nd Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX, January 11-15, 1962) (NASA Conference Publication 2257) Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 101 pp. [in two parts]
TIROS Newspaper Clippings 1
TIROS Newspaper Clippings 2

Davis, Gary. History of the NOAA Satellite Program. Bellingham, WA: SPIE (Society of Photographic Instrumentation Engineers) Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, January 2007, vol.1, 012504, p.1-18, Online-only journal.

Fiolek, Anna. Selected Publications on TIROS satellites and Satellite Meteorology Available from the NOAA Central Library Network. Silver Spring, MD: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA Central Library, 2009 revised. 69 pp.

Hanson, Kirby S. [Letter to David S. Johnson, July 19, 1966] Subject: Request opinion on a proposal by Professor Suomi for Operations Division of NESC.
David Johnson reply of July 25, 1966
David Johnson reply of August 29, 1966

Johnson, David S. Collection of Newspaper Clippings and Documents Related to TIROS Meteorological Satellite Launched on April 1, 1960. 1960-1966. 1 box (46 items in 3 folders). Collection donated to the NOAA Central Library by Gary K. Davis, Director of Systems Development, NESDIS, NOAA. TL 798.M4.C6 1960-1996.

Josephson, Diana [obituary]. The Capital, Annapolis, MD, March 9, 2006, p. A11.

Klutznick, Philip M., Secretary of Commerce. [Letter to David S. Johnson, April 15, 1980] Subject: Nomination forwarded to Office of Personnel Management for consideration as Distinguished Executive.

Klutznick, Philip M., Secretary of Commerce. [Letter to David S. Johnson, Sept. 18, 1980] Subject: Congratulations on selection as Meritorious Executive.

NOAA Backgrounder: NOAA’s Geostationary and Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites. Suitland, MD: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service Office of Public Affairs, 1996.

NOAA Upgrades Satellite Division, Changes Name. [Press Release]. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce News, Sept. 8, 1980. Name change from National Environmental Satellite Service to National Earth Satellite Service.

Rao, P. Krishna. Evolution of the Weather Satellite Program in the U.S. Department of Commerce – A Brief Outline. (Series: NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 101). Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, 2001. 37 pp.

Sadler, James C. Utilization of Meteorological Satellite Cloud Data in Tropical Meteorology. (Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Rocket and Satellite Meteorology, Washington, DC April 23-25, 1962) Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1963. pp. 333-356.

Sekiguchi, Yoshiro. [Letter to David S. Johnson, February 6, 1978] Subject: Plans by the Japan Meteorological Agency; includes development and launch of GMS-2and N-II; budgetary information. 8 pp.

Suomi, Verner E. [Letter to David Johnson, May 10, 1977] Subject: Accepts nomination as Counselor for the American Meteorological Society for a three year term beginning January 1978. 1 page.

Suomi, Verner E. [Edited Statement of Verner Suomi, Professor of Meteorology, University of Wisconsin] Hearings before the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation United States Senate.. 98th, 1st session. NOAA Authorization (Y4.C 73/7: S. HRG. 98-78) – edited version, March 15, 1983, p. 99-115.

Verner Edward Suomi: The Father of Satellite Meteorology [website]. Madison, WI. Schwerdtfeger Library, Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2009.

White, Robert M. [Memo dated March 21, 1983] Subject: Completion of the National STORM Program Steering Committee. Supporting memo from David S. Johnson dated March 21, 1983 re same and George Benton’s Congressional testimony “Weather Service and Supporting Research in the United States: The Need for a National Storm Program”, March 9, 1983.



Papers in Context of Cold War

Charyk, Joseph V. [Letter] Oct. 12, 1994 to R. Cargill Hall, Center for Air Force History, regarding article “Framing American Astronautics to Serve National Security.”

Hall, R. Cargill [Note] Dec. 5, 1994 to David Johnson, regarding forthcoming article “The Eisenhower Administration and the Cold War…” in National Archives Prologue, March 1995.

Hall, R. Cargill, The Eisenhower Administration and the Cold War: Framing American Astronautics to Serve National Security, U.S. National Archives, Prologue, Vol. 27, March 1995, pp. 59 – 72.

Power, General Thomas S. , Commander in Chief, USAF, [Letter] Dec. 1, 1960 to General Thomas D. White, Chief of Staff, USAF, regarding control of operational weather satellites by the USAF. [declassified]

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: John F. Kennedy, 1961-63. 3 vols. Washington: GPO, 1962-64, May 25, 1961, pp. 403–405. Reprint. Subject: The goal of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely. Requests an additional 75 million dollars – of which 53 million is for the Weather Bureau for a satellite system for world-wide weather observations.



TIROS Anniversary Documents

[Tenth Anniversary TIROS Retrospective] TIROS/ESSA/ITOS: Weather eye workhorse in the sky. Princeton, NJ: RCA Defense Electronics Products, Astro-Electronics Division, February 1970. 6 pp.

RCA News. [Press Release] 20 Years of Weather Tracking. Cherry Hill, NJ: RCA Government System Division, April 1, 1980. 1 p.

Weather Satellites 20 Years Old by Albert Sehlstedt, Jr. , Baltimore Sun, April 6, 1980.

25 Years Ago, TIROS-1 Ushered in Era of Satellite Weather Forecasting by William Harwood, International Herald Tribune, March 28, 1985, p.7.

25 Years of Weather Satellites: 1960-1985 [ Awards Ceremony]. Washington, DC: National Air and Space Museum, April 1, 1985. 9 pp.

Reagan, Ronald, President of the United States. [Greetings to mark the 25th anniversary of weather satellites]. April 1, 1985. 1 p.

[News Clipping] Presentation of Silver Medal to David Johnson by Secretary of Commerce Malcolm Baldrige on April 1, 1985 during a ceremony marking the 25th anniversary of weather satellites.

[Conference Announcement] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service. 40th Anniversary of the Launch of the First Weather Satellite, April 5, 2000. 4 pages.

[Conference Program] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service. 40th Anniversary of Weather Satellites Conference Program, April 5, 2000. 4 pages.

[Evening Reception Invitation] The Director of the National Air and Space Museum and The Secretary of Commerce and The Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere…at an evening program commemorating the launch of TIROS-1, the first U.S. weather satellite. April 5, 2000. 2 pages.

Reception in Honor of the 40th Anniversary of the Launch of TIROS-1. April 5, 2000. Speakers: Gen. John R. Dailey (Director, National Air and Space Museum), Dr. D. James Baker (Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere), Mr. Anthony G. Tuffo (President, Lockheed Martin Missiles and Space, Mr. Willard Scott (Weather Reporter, NBC News).

David Johnson and Dr. P. Krishna Rao at 40th Anniversary Evening Reception, April 5, 2000, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

TIROS, 40 years of discovery [Video Recording]. Silver Spring, MD; U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, & Information Service, 2000. 35.1 MB; 16 min., 3 sec.
Video: TIROS, 40 years of discovery (MOV) (MP4)

50th Anniversary of the Satellite that “forever Changed Weather Forecasting”. [Press Release] Silver Spring, MD; U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Communications and External Affairs, NOAA News, April 1, 2010.

2010 Marks 50 Years of NOAA Satellites Keeping Track of Weather and Climate. [NESDIS News Archive] Silver Spring, MD; U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Satellite, Data, & Information Service, April 1, 2010.

TIROS 1 – 50th Anniversary of the First Weather Satellite; Resources on TIROS and Satellite Meteorology. [Online Bibliography] Silver Spring, MD; U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, & Information Service, National Oceanographic Data Center, Library and Information Services Division, 2010.




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