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Polar Satellites

Polar Satellites

NOAA's polar-orbiting satellites monitor global environmental conditions, and collect and disseminate data related to weather, ocean, land and near-space environments. The current system, known as the Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (POES), has provided this capability for over 40 years under the former OSD Polar Program office. The next generation NOAA polar-orbiting satellites will be managed and launched under the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) Program, with JPSS-1 (J1) and JPSS-2 (J2) scheduled for launches in 2015 and 2018, respectively. The advanced technologies aboard JPSS satellites will transmit a large data stream containing new environmental measurement data which will be packaged by the JPSS ground systems into intermediate product forms.

Responsibilities for performing the spacecraft engineering for the current fleet of NOAA POES spacecraft as well as the engineering and integration of non-NOAA polar spacecraft into NESDIS operations lie with the OSD Systems Engineering and Integration Division. The non-NOAA spacecraft systems include the European Polar System operated by the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), as well as selected NASA research satellites planned for operational transition to support NOAA’s observational mission requirements.

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